The motorcycle links Angeles del Infierno and Sliced ​​Pigs. Mods against Rockers. Montesistas and Bultaquistas. The history of Rocanrolera rebellion has always been closely linked to those monstrous pieces that, on two wheels, can seek the ruin of the most painted. EDI NAIL, Caligari cabinet drummer, we are discovered in this report as a true fan of speed, motorcycles and wild pichicated.


It all began at the end of World War II, when in California, a small handful of veterans, mainly Marines, landed back home on the sunny West Coast of the United States of America.

The ideal climate, from southern Oregon to the Mexican border.
The war surplus (powerful motorcycles of North American manufacture, Harley and Indian), which were practically given away at auctions.
And above all the desire for action and racket, were the breeding ground that led to the formation of a Moto-Club called “the alcoholic fighters”, authentic spiritual parents of “Hell’s Angels” (Hell’s Angels) the first 60 years.

EdiClavo03Well, in a small town in the Cordillera del Diablo called Hollister (california), they staged the first motorized mess of history, a July 4, 1947. Total because they met there more than 3000 motorcyclists. They made their good bucks earn alcoholic drinkers and the Hollister service station, consuming thousands of bottles and hundreds of gallons of gasoline. The truth is that at midnight the seven police officers of the town could not contain all those guys who had been drinking since morning and who had the healthy intention of organizing their own race in the main street of the small town of Far West.


Conclusions The next morning the village had been devastated. The small prison was crowded and the whole plaster cast had been used up in the city hospital. The carnaza was served, and with the convenient dressing of the yellow press was going to be devoured by millions of respectable contributors.


Based on these truthful facts was made what would be a key film in the subsequent development of various issues, above even the pure motorcycling field “The Wild One” (The Wild One), produced by an unknown Stanley Kramer and starring a young man from Actor’s Studio from the city of New York, called Marlon Brando. The premiere in 1954, would coincide with various youth movements of rebellion against the postwar conservative. Many of those movements would assimilate many poses and attitudes from the film, their name: Rock and Roll.


Cinematographically it is an excellent Western where the hams have been replaced by powerful motorcycles, full of chrome, and the role of outlaw is played brilliantly by Brando (Johnny), as leader of the “Black Rebels”, embodying the wild-tough-just in opposed to the priceless Lee Marvin Cchino), ringleader of the rival band and expert in the “Upper Cut”. The film was banned in England for censorship until 1968, when it premiered in London classified X. In Spain it is projected from time to time in a film library and is a must for every lover of the bike, Brando, Marvin and of Rock and Roll in General.


Returning to 1955 we found that various biker clubs were forming along the entire Californian coast and mainly from the San Francisco Bay, especially in San Bernardino and Oakland, which was possibly where the term “Outlaw Bikers” was coined “, Under which renowned motoclubs were born, such as:

Hell’s Angels, directed from Oakland by Sonny Barger. The “Foragida Elite” as they were called. They established the basic rules as well as the division into Chapters, according to geographical origin. Gipsies (Gypsies), from Frisco, the outlaw club No. 2 in California.

Satan’s Slaves (Slaves of Satan), No. 3 of the hierarchy. Specialists in the adornment of the motorcycle and fans of dog meat. Question Marks of Hayward. Apostles; Satna’s Daughters; Presidents; Road Rats; Masked Rides; Iron Riders; Galloping Ducks; Comancheros, from towns such as Fresno, San José or Sta Rosa. Gipsy Jokers, Cossacks, Galloping Geese. Misfits’, Executioners and Crusaders, all of them from the different counties of Los Angeles.


There were also clubs of outlaws in the east, although an infinitely smaller number, to highlight Renegades de Detroit.

All these Chapters were distinguished by their crusty denim jackets without sleeves, long hairs with beards, (in some cases dyed purple), waterproofed pants based on successive layers of dirt and motorcycle grease, slopes in the different lobes (nose, ears) and nipples) and various tattoos. And some chapters were different from others by their “Colors”, inscriptions stitched on the back of the denim jacket, in which the chapter was explicit and the origin of each outlaw.

A cult of general aversion was practiced towards the leather jackets and their bearers, the non-American bikes, especially the Japanese, the use of regulation helmet and the blacks in general, although there were also chapters of outlaws formed only by blacks like San Dragoons. Francisco.


His bikes were invariably Harley Davidson model 74; called Pigs or Garbage Trucks, in which they made a series of modifications such as the lightening of superfluous parts, mudguards, seat, picketing or transformation of the fuel tank, some like the Chapter of Coffin Thieves transformed it into a small and bright coffin black. The only extras they carried were those required by law in the state of California: A red rear light, a rearview mirror and a handle for the Mama, or female companion. There were some who met the requirement of the mirror with a small dentist, which was technically legal.

The resemblance of a Sliced ​​Pig (Harley 74 piqued) with the original factory goes back to the chassis only. All the perfect chrome, the chopperización of the fork and the front wheel, replaced in some cases by a bicycle, seven layers of paint tank, high handlebars and fishtail exhaust, could be converted into a report mix twisted irons if the outlaw was “going up the side” which was, in slang, going out on a curve at 110 km / h; and then the 3 or 4,000 dollars of pork pique would go to the pockets of the nearest traumatologist.


All this happened in the quiet half of the 60, in the quiet and sunny California, whose governor was one R. Reagan. The glorious times of the Rock and Roll explosion had passed. Eddie Cockhran, buddy Holly, Richie Valens and Big Bopper were dead, Elvis was a caricature of himself, Jerry Lee and Chuch Berry had been in the shade and the Beach Boys were no longer surfing in Mendocino. An indigenous musical movement was brewing (West Coast Sound), enhanced by the appearance of the first hippies, successors of the beatnicks, admirers of poets such as Ginsberg, consumers of the free LSD mythologized by Timothy Leary, pro-pacifist, anti-segregationism and The vietnam war. With them logically the outlawed bikers did not have many points in common, so there were several clashes that made many Chapters especially in Berkeley, were not well seen by any of the antagonistic estates of American society.

Another significant event that was a knock on the Frisco’s Hell’s Angels Chapter happened during the free concert given by the Rolling Stones on December 6, 1969 in Altamont, as a farewell to their American tour that year. The order service of the Hell’s Angels was entrusted and during the performance a black boy died with stab wounds and blows, although it is true that the black in question was trying to get on the stage revolver in hand.


That same year, “Easy Rider” was premiered, road-movie from the sixties, which has become a symbol and metaphor for more than a decade. Starring Henry Fonda’s son, Peter, Alias ​​Captain America, and Dennis Hopper; also directed by the latter. Special mention for the brief and forceful appearance of Jack Nicholson. The script, well known, places the two protagonists on a trip from L.A. MardiGras Carnival of New Orleans aboard two Chopperized Harleys; all paid for the profits obtained in a coca bisnes. Although both Fonda and Hopper do not wear the colors of the Outlaw Bikers, if they have some points in common, such as when they reject the hospitality of the hippy community and then leave in search of what really interested them; fun, drugs and action in the city of New Orleans, where after the carnival they are shot dead in the middle of the road by two southern jacks from a van.

The soundtrack included The Byrds, Jimmi Hendrix, Roger McGuinn (covering “it’s all right ma” by Dylan), Electric Prunes, and especially SteppenWolf with his “Born to be Wild”, automatically converted into a hymn for anyone It will vibrate with two wheels and an engine.


During the decade of the 70s, the motorcycle activity of outlaws was circumscribed to the own limits of the state of California. Not transcending to the press any of its concentrations, forming part of a closed circle that was and is very difficult to access.

With regard to other types of American motorists, almost all are grouped in the (American Motorcycle Association) A.M.A. which is the one that organizes the championships there. The most famous races are those held annually at the beginning of March in the city of Daytona, in an oval-shaped circle. On the main street of the city or on the huge beach nearby, they come together from the pacato with their newly purchased Kawasaki, to the degenerate descendants of the Outlaws Bikers, betraying their principles with the gargantuan Honda Aspencade, the closest thing to a quarter of bathroom with two wheels and diverse masonry.

The American championship is called Gran National and it is mainly played on oval land circuits (Dirt Track), of great tradition in the USA and where the great stars that have triumphed in Europe have come from; Kenny Roberts, Freddie Spencer or Fred Merkel.


In what outlaw activity is concerned, are still held today large annual concentrations in which it is tradition to destroy and burn a Japanese motorcycle under slogans such as; “Two bombs were not enough.” Another entertainment is the races “light to light”, that is, between two traffic lights: and as a climax, a magazine is published: “Outlaw Bikers”, of international diffusion in which it pretends to keep alive the embers of a legend forgotten by time .


In June 1955, the film “Rock around the clock” premiered at the Trocadero cinema in the London neighborhood of Elephant and Castle. Producing an incident-spark, like Hollister’s in the USA, which would burn in unison the whole British tabloid press. Protagonists: The Teddy Boys. They were meat on the cover of newspapers like the Sun or the Evening Standard until the late 1950s; in which Rock and Roll, Rebellion and Ted-Style had been aired and marketed endlessly. Then a series of motorized ramifications are born with new ideas and own approaches; Ton-Up Boys or Coffee-Bar Cowboys. “Motorized maniacs that will hit you with a motorcycle chain as soon as they see you”, this was defined by the sensationalist Evening Standard, in January 1961.


While the Teddy Boys moved by subway, on foot or in old Austin, Anglias or tricycles, and directed their levitas to ballrooms and neighborhood cinemas, the Ton-Up Boys professed cult to motorcycles, English, of course . Norton, Triumph, B.S.A., Vincent, A.J.S., Royal Enfield, etc. Not admitting in your club other European or American brands. (The Japanese at that time only knew how to make mopeds).


Their meeting places were the Coffe-Bars. (Alcoholic drinks are not served) around the great English cities, London, Birmingan, Liverpool, Manchester, Blackpool, Yarmouth or Scarborough; or the English circuits where races of the Continental Circus (Championship of the world of motorcycling) were disputed; Brands-Hatch, Snetterton, Crystal Palace, Silverstone and especially the legendary Tourist Trophy of the Isle of Man, to admire the stars of the time; Geoff Duke, Les Graham, Bill Lomas or John Surtees.


“There are two types of young people in present-day Britain, those who are gaining the admiration of the world for their brave and disciplined service in the mountains, jungles and deserts of Cyprus, Yemen or Borneo, and on the other side are the mods and Rockers, with their automatic knives “. (Evening Standard, 06-18-64).

These and other press judgments, not only in England, but in France and even Spain exorbitrated the Rockers-Mods conflict and served as on other occasions (Hell’s Angels, Teddy Boys) to commercialize and popularize what were at first desire for action and anger.

On the one hand the Rockers represented the whole rebellious tradition of England since the late 50’s, heirs of the Teddy Boys and the Ton-Up Boys followers of the more stale Rock and Roll of Elvis, Cochran (who was bullied in Bristol in 1960) , Vincent (who would eventually settle in GB) and local stars; Vince Taylor, Johnny Kid & Pirates, Billy Fury, etc …, in a few years, 1963-1964, of frank decadence for style.


On the other hand the Mods, recently arrived children aged 16-17, who spent the day sitting in the Wimpy Bar (species of Fast Food coffee shops). His way of dressing was, compared to that of the Rockers, truly inadequate to ride a motorcycle around; with Op-Art shoes, berets, ready shirts, Steady, Go! And army parkas, although from another point of view that did not matter when it came to riding their scooters (Vespas and Lambretas of 150 cc) which they did with great skill, considering that a fall by the slippery British firm could throw lose all the framework of attached mirrors, auxiliary lights and parabolic antennas.

As it is clear in the movie “Quadrophenia”, many Mods and Rockers were friends of the school, the neighborhood and even kept their machines together in the same garage, the basic reasons for the confrontation were, above all, the need for revelry and to be noticed in the Carpetovetónica England of 1964. Proof of this is that in a little less than two years the pitched battles, theft in pharmacies and the sexual promiscuity as a first page carnaza disappeared in the face of the press, and in 1966 they came to hold that “Honor” the activities of other groups such as Greasers, trogs or Thunderbirds, wilder than Mods and Rockers together, or when at the beginning of 1967 a plague was recognized from across the Atlantic that the press called Folk Devils, better known as Hippies .


In Spain it has always been everything more rickety and, for many years, the kids have moved through the cities alone or in gangs, walking or subway watching motorcycles as luxury items available to a few.

However there have always been “Quemaos” who have been able to raise enough money to acquire the machine of their dreams.

At the beginning of the 60s (I’m going to refer to Madrid, even knowing that Barcelona has been the cradle of motorcycling in Spain and has a greater tradition than the capital) those who had obtained the 20,000 pesetas that was what a Montesa Brio cost or a Bultaco Tralla, met on the terraces of the Moncloa, on Saturday afternoons or at night, after having been dancing in the Virginia Gardens or in the Consulate Club.


Later and under the effects of a Scheppes with Larios, the sharpness and rigorous challenges were produced, establishing two very definite antagonistic sides; Montesistas and Bultaquistas, depending on whether they were fans of one brand or another. These struggles were almost always elucidated, either in the Auditorium of the University City or in the slope of the Perdices, where the distance between winner and loser was measured by the street lamps that had taken from each other. Favorite places for bikers from Madrid at the time were the curves of the ascent to La Dehesa de la Villa, the Retiro circuit (there was no Jarama), or the speed-controlled Radar house. The most burned preferred the highway of Barajas, where at 120 km / h they could leave thrown to all the six hundred that were put to them to shot. These and other diversions ended in the house of the chops of San Fernando and later in the Motocine.

In 1969, in the middle of the Economic Boom, development plans and the invasion of guiris, one of the moments of greatest boom of national motorcycling took place; legendary motorcycles appear like the Bultaco Metralla MK-2 or the Montesa Impala, Angel Nieto wins his first World Championship with a Derbi 50 c.c., and the cried Santiago Herrero obtains the third absolute position in 250 c.c. with the Ossa Monohull.


In the first 70 there are two quite defined groups; On the one hand, the so-called pera children, to whom their father has bought them a Bultaco Lobito or the Ossa Mick Andrews for having taken the 6th grade, and on the other hand the tacky with Derbi, as defined by Ramoncín “who vent bulla and fardan amount carrying the ligues (chickens) in the colín. Their biggest frustration is that at dawn they find that the lamp to which the Derby had tied only the chains and the painting remain. ”

At present the motorcycles continue being, in their majority, articles of luxury, of difficult acquisition for lads in general. The Japanese machines cover all the markets, the powerful British industry only lives in the memory of some fans of real motorcycles, and the national factories are counted on the fingers of the hand, and there are too many fingers.

Text: Edi Clavo (Magazine Route 66 year July / August 1986)


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